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An Assessment of Electoral Reforms on Good Governance. Case of Elecam Southwest Region

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The classification of Cameroon as the most corrupt country in the world in 1998 and 1999 made the government more willing than ever to fight corruption through ELECAM in Cameroon. This led to the creation of a commission, ELECAM with its main aim to fight this ill. Corruption is a cancer warm which does not affect only Cameroon but the rest of the world. ELECAM has contributed so much in the fight against corruption  and goof governance in Cameroon by To examine concept best explain electoral reforms in Cameroon recovery of funds, and this omission equally face difficulties of lack of finance, inadequate number of staff, false information about the commission and fake ELECAM agents. Measures have been put in place to improve the performance of the this commission i.e. the creation of an institution responsible for the management of seized or confiscated resources, creation and/or revitalization of anti-corruption units in all the ministerial departments, the creation of Rapid Intervention Units in Regions, in the absence of ELECAM Regional Antennas, the intensification of the fight against corruption in the private sector through the adoption of Codes of Ethics, How can a society have sustainable good governance . In this discussion, the researcher made use of 100 questionnaire and it was use with the help of a quantitative and chi-square method to bring out the findings. Theory was use to show the exact essence of the discussion known as Political Reform Theory 

 To strengthen the anti-corruption drive and to protect whistleblowers. However these measures have not been strongly implemented and if they are not looked into corruption will still remain high in Cameroon. The following recommendations will help the ELECAM in the fight good governance. They are; the creation of institutions responsible for management of seized resources, creation of Rapid Intervention Units in Regions, good governance should be given greater financial and administrative autonomy to wage an effective war against corruption in Cameroon.




Electoral reforms and good governance as a certain piece of development, is a sensitive fundamental area of concern in the interest of national development considering the fako division immediate past political history and linking interest on the part of the citizenry in require on governance issues so as to ensure a stable political administration dispensations, sustenance of representative principle and a attainment of welfare project and police. Hitherto at first Republic of Cameroon assumed fully the system of state administration, which assumes fully the system of state administration with electoral dated back to, 1992. This makes the second major anniversary of Cameroon Electoral experience on good governance, under the cardinal principle of democratic principle after 16 years of interrupted military rules.

This began in 1983, when the second republic was terminated by the military.

Altogether remained under military autocracy close to 29 years since the era of the military coup in 1966 by6 four majors of the Nigeria government and politics marks the penultimate collapse of the first republic. This trend of authoritarianism government was briefly interrupted between 1979 – 1983, by the second republic. From the perspective of   Nwabueze, (1999), Nigeria had passed through some five different phases in has historical evolution, which include,

  1. The era of colonial autocracy and absolute, that is period of formal colonialism fill of tuber 1st 1960 when the country again flag independent.

  2. Emergence of constitutional democracy 1960 – 1966.

  3. The return of the military autocracy and absolutism (neo colonialism) 1988 – 1976.

  4. Restorative of constitutional military autocracy and absolution 1983 – 1989.

As from 1989 when the observation was made, the                has added three more phases to her struggles for democratization options, which came to a stage of the glorious “stepping aside” of General Ibrahim Babangida handling over policy and tactile, in 1993. This is the time and Interim National Government (ING) headed by chief Ernest Shonekan. He was made a impose chose by IBB administration and it’s unfortunately suffer legitimacy crisis ambition. Following the declaration made by the high court, to the illegitimate in a protracted law suite instituted on the June 12, 1993.

Presidential election chief M.K.O Abiola. The interim contraption collapse after 82 days. However, the General Abacha stage a coup and dissolve all the existent democratic structure and the country was returned to a full blown military dictatorship, characterized by horrendous human right violation, unprecedented kliptocrazy, hostage taking forever exile and physical elimination of opponent that detained many in that era of 1995-1997, while statue of confusion that general Abacha died on June 8, 199 in a mysterious circumstances (Jimi, 1998:62-73). After the death of general Abacha, general Abdulsalam Abubakar took over his administration seemed to have learnt enormous lessons from the legitimacy crisis suffered by his predecessor while in office. He made it known that he was ready to hand over power to civilian in promote his transition programme in Nigeria.

Eventually, despite all odds, General Abubakar surrendered the political ruler ship to Chief Olusegun Obasanjo on May 29 1999. the second anniversary of electoral was remarkable in the sense that Nigeria were founded by united agency (international organization) for development (unaid), in January 2000, 80% of respondent agreed that “democracy” is the better option in state administration friends of Nigeria within Africa rendered there unparallel support for the continuity and governance by the democracy, among who were Ghana with 74%, Zimbabwe 60% and south Africa with 56%. As a rightly posted by national daily.

Firstly Cameroon was sick of military rule and especially the Cameroon version of it.

The military had demonstrated a most duplicable from of rulership that decline to agree with every value and expectable, greed, obtuse, paradigons in their very arbitraries contempt for rule of law and fundamental human right vocatives, termination of building opposition and gross ignorance in the business the government were only a few of the woes that Nigeria has to bear from several years. 

Secondly, the poor handling of the economy meant that there was little for average Nigerians, job opportunity were fast disappearing as company were own and this is turned made them own there staffer salaries and allowances for several months, prison inmates kept dying and crime assumed the status of normal features of the Nigeria society. Where, democracy means better paid job, education, health care, modern amenities, such as durable house, motor transport, pipe borne water, and stable supply of electricity, a better future for children of inborn generation, rather than the aforementioned retrogressive military system (Kunle 1993-87-98). In the views of Nzongola Nta Laja (2001), Nigeria torturers democratization march to the fourth republic one cannot but attempt a prognosis of the possibility of the survival of the nascent democracy and suggest possible recipes. Therefore, the under-study this situation is about time and hence the appropriate opportunity: democracy and good governance.



 1 Which concept best explain electoral reforms in Cameroon?

2        How can a society have sustainable good governance?

3 How can electoral reforms promote good governance?

1.4  Objectives of the study

  • To examine concept best explain electoral reforms in Cameroon
  • To identify a society have sustainable good governance
  • To investigate can electoral reforms promote good governance?
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