AN EXAMINATION OF THE EFFECT OF LIQUIDITY ON BANKS PROFIT IN BANKING INDUSTRY
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BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In every system, there are major component that are paramount for the survival of the system. This is applicable to financial system.
The banking institution had contributed significantly to the effectiveness of the entire financial system as they offer an efficient institution mechanism, through which resources can be mobilized and directed from less essential uses to more profitable and productive investment.
The performance of these financial institutions has proved to be effective channel between savers and borrowers.
These important roles are played by merchant banks, savings banks, the control banks and development banks.
The banking industry have overtime function in vital banks units facilitating the transfer of assets that are well desired from the public (fund lenders) into other financial assets which are more widely preferred by grater part of the public (fund sackers).
Thus, banking industry becomes the bedrock of the two functions of Nigeria banking system, which are deposit mobilization and credit extension.
Therefore, an adequate financial system requires the attention of the banks management of profits and liquidity, which are two conflicting goals of Nigeria banking system. Profits and liquidity are effective indicator of the corporate health and performance of not only the banking system (Eloyalty 2004), but all profit oriented ventures.
Therefore, these roles involves bringing together of people who have money and those who need money is crucial in this discussion. So also certain critical factors that are required to facilitate liquidity management and a stable, sound, competitive, financial system adequate regulating, and supervisory, framework and macro-economics capacity buildup.
1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM
Liquidity on banks profit management in banking industry, the problem innocent in Nigeria banking system is inter-mediation roles, the bank of industry idle funds borrow from lenders to investment such funds indifferent classes of portfolio.
Such business activities of the banks is not without problems since the deposit from these funds savers invested by the banks profit maximization can be record and demanded when the later is not in position to meet their financial obligation so also considering the public laws of confidence as a result of banks distress which bedeviled the financial sector in Nigeria
They intensified competition in the banking sector as a result of terrific emergence of large number of new banks.
The problems then become how to identify the optimum point or the level at which banks industry can maintain its assets in other to optimize these two objectives; since each of the liquidity has a different effect on the level of profit.
So also profit maximization as the resulted liquidity can lead to both technical and legal insolvency with consequence of low patronage and deposit flight; erosion asset base; other problems includes, excess liquidity, balancing the proportion of the deposit that will be demanded by the depositors at any point in time, and finally accurate selection of the factor that influence the level on banks liquidity possess some problems. All these problems are what the study intends to consider.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The primary objective of the study will be to examine the significance of the liquidity and profit management to efficient, continuity and evolution of Nigeria banking industry.
Other objective includes;
_To investigate the issue of profit and liquidity management.
_To evaluate the extent to which profit and liquidity affect other elements of the banks managements.
_How banks can enhance their liquidity effect on other element of the bank management.
¬_How banks can enhance their liquidity and profits position.
1.4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
This study is predominantly base on data derived from both primary and secondary source.
The primary data shall be collected through questionnaire because it provides a cheap means of collecting information from a greater number of people. Also it enables us to reach out respondent who are otherwise inaccessible.
In respect of secondary data which shall be collected, will consist mainly extraction of information from performance service report of the banks and the journal, the secondary data will be collected from newspaper, textbook, unpublished lecture note, internet research work, seminal official publication and historical document which hope will provide an insight into the history of liquidity and profit management in banking industry and its effects on the banks.
In analyzing data, the descriptive method of analyzing data shall be used. This involves simple calculation of data and interpreting the graph and charts.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The importance of the study will be to account for factor responsible for inherent challenges confronting banks of industry in managing liquidity and profits in the bank.
Also it will contribute to human knowledge and complement other literature in the field of accounting, economics and banking.