EVALUATING FACTORS AFFECTING LOW ENROLMENT OF FEMALE STUDENTS IN TECHNICAL SCHOOLS
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This project was carried out to examine the factors affecting low ennoblement of female students in Erin-Ile Technical School in Ogun Local Government Area, Kwara State.
Structured questionnaire was use to collect data gathered from teachers and female students in Erin-Ile Technical School in Ogun Local Government Area Kwara State.
It has been observed that the numbers of female students that enrolled for technical courses in technical education is low compare to their counterparty.
This finding shows that there is lack of motivation and encouragement from the parents, society, government and religions toward the enrolment of these students.
It was recommended that parents and the society should allow their daughters to make their own course and government should provide scholarship for the female students in Technical School.
When these suggestions are considered, there will be improvement in the enrolment of female students in Technical School.
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Before the arrival of western education in Nigeria, in 1842, traditional form of education was in existence in Nigeria where parents involve their daughters in some trades, which were taught how to weave, dye cloth, cooking, child rearing and household care to prepare them for marriage.
These forms of rational education were not institutionalized as the case study.
In Nigeria as early as 1850, British missionaries in an attempt to propagate the gospel had introduced schools particularly in Banditry and Abeokuta to teach the three Rs (arithmetic, writing and reading) primarily so that their convert would understand the Bible.
Fafunwa, A.B. (1974), noted that technical education had a slow start and developed less quietly than other forms of education in Nigeria.
This was partly due to fall that voluntary agencies increase or popularize technical education on the same scale as literacy education.
This is one of the reasons why missionary education was non-skilled based; consequently they develop a poor attitude to skill oriented.
Owing to the concern for the disadvantage position of women and in a bid to correct the prevailing education imbalance, the Federal Ministry of Education table the proposal on female education at the emergency meeting of the National Council of Education (N.C.E) held in Kwara on January 2008. One of the objective is the provision of more educational opportunities for girls from primary to tertiary levels.
Makudu in (2005) asserted that women are grossly under presented in technology education both at the secondary and tertiary levels.
According to him, this can be associated with social cultural as well as the “self-defeating” attitude of female towards enrolment in such area like technology education and their choice of career.
In Kwara State, statistics shows that the enrolment of students into Erin Ile technical school. In 2010/2011 session over sixteen students were admitted, which no female students were found, in year 2011/2012 session over twenty students were admitted which no female students found, in 2012/2013 fifteen students was admitted, which no female students was found till 2015/2016 session which eighteen students was enroll, which one female student were found.
Statistics shows that the number of female students admitted was too low compared to that of male students in Erin Ile Technical School.
This also revealed that the males were more in number than that of female students.
It appears that generally there has been low number of females’ enrolment when compared to that of male in four consecutive admission years as revealed above.
Thus the essence of present study is to identify the factors affecting low enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School.
According to Longman dictionary define socialization as the process which people, especially children are made to have in a way that is acceptable in their society.
Many countries of the world today needed educational system capable of competently handling very large student’s bodies totaling 1000 or students at a time. Government in both developed and developing countries no longer have money to build and maintain buildings for 1000 students a year or if they did, they would not put the money into educational buildings because of changed in political and development priorities.
However, social facilities should be provided such as workshop that is full of different equipment, good building, electricity and all kind of social facilities in order to enhance technical school and to increase the enrolment of female students in technical school.
CULTURAL /TRADITIONAL INFLUENCE
Longman dictionary defines culture is the ideals, belief and customs that are shared and accepted by the people in a society. In the olden days, the purpose on earth is to procreate, which means that as one is begotten so also be beget.
In this respect, the more wives and children one has, the more fulfilled and worthwhile. A life he considered to have lived life itself is presumed to have a purpose and man is bound to find a purpose for his life.
However, lack of knowledge has affected the large number of female students in technical education.
More so, only the lazy ones are sent to school then, so females are hard working and they are trained in trading that is why we have low enrolment of female students in technical schools.
According to BBC dictionary religions is a belief in a God or gods and the activities connected with this belief or a strong belief in a God or gods either Christianically, Islamic ally or Traditionally.
Islam is the religion of the Muslims which teaches that there is only one God and that Mohammed is the prophet of God. Christianity is a religion based on the teachings of Jesus Christ and on belief that he is the son of God. Traditionalism is behaviour and ideas that support old customs and belief rather than moderns ones .also the customs and belief have existed for a very long time without changing.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The successful planning and implementation of so many educational programmes came to failure after a short while due to poor administration and altitude of government towards educational policy, some ideal programmes collapse after a few periods either because of change in government or due to non adequate fund to carry on the program
The levels of technical education suggested how effective management activities could be pitched for effective control and accountability.
While we yearn for expansion technical school, we ought to find means. Sufficient means to equip it and manage it well to help it to survive and to sustain our desired needs of industrialization and introductory technology.
Thus the essence of this study is to identify the factors affecting low enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School and the support given to them by government and parent towards the growth and development of the school in order to reduce the factors facing low enrolment of female students Erin Ile Technical School.
The study intends to find answers to the following questions.
1. Does social factor affect low enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School?
2. Does cultural/traditional factor contribute to low enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School?
3. Does Religion factor also encourage low enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School?
a. There is no significant difference in the contribution of social factors to the low enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School.
b. There is no significant difference in the contribution of cultural/traditional factors to the low enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School.
c. There is no significant difference in the contribution of religion factors to the low enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to identify factors influencing low enrolment of female student in Erin Ile Technical School in Oyun Local Government Area, Kwara state. Specifically in this study the researcher will identify this factor base on:
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is to identify some of the factors that affect enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School.
This study would be of help to the government and to create awareness on the factors affecting low enrolment of female students in Erin Ile Technical School and how to encourage them to enroll.
Secondly, this study would help the home and society to encourage the enrolment of female students into Technical School.
It will also enlighten the females to understand Technical School is not meant for only males.