PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS IN PREGNANT WOMEN AT THEIR SECOND AND THIRD TRIMESTERS ATTENDING THE DISTRICT HOSPITAL KUMBA TOWN, SOUTH WEST REGION
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Background: The association of diabetes with pregnancy is a frequent gestational situation that constitutes a real public health problem with prevalence and risk factors varying according
to the population type. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of gestational diabetes and associated risk factor in pregnant women from the Kumba district hospital.
Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted among –pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in the Kumba district hospital. GDM was diagnosed by carrying a 2hour Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) in pregnant women between 24-28 gestational weeks. Results: The mean age of study participants was 27.8 (SD 5.7) years and the prevalence of GDM was 9%. Majority, 7% participants had abnormal FPG alone while 1.5% participants had any two abnormal (PG) values. Most participants had Basic level education. Factors associated with GDM, high BMI ≥30 kg/m2, past history of unexplained stillbirth and history of macrosomia and intake of soda drinks Conclusion: This study evaluated the prevalence and risk factors associated with GDM in the KDHKT. I observed GDM prevalence of 9% among study participants, which was influenced by previous history of oral contraceptives use, overwieght and consumption of soda drink.
Key words: GDM, Prevalence, Risk factors, Pregnancy, Lifestyle modification.