PREVALENCE AND MANAGEMENT OF DELINQUENCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL
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1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
It is a general belief that the standard of discipline has fallen greatly in Nigeria Educational Institutions especially in secondary school. Once find this type of complaints published in some of Nigerian daily Newspapers and some have been made know either in Public lectures or on the air (Radio and Television Set) such pronouncement or lecturers and publications house put the blame on students’ delinquencies or this behavior on home.
The home does not concern itself with the academic progress or achievements at the students. For instance, the parents and guidance are not caring about the progress made in school concerning their children and words.
According to Mazi (2000) in the report of the committee on school discipline in Kwara State (1986) parents over indulge their children and that some are too busy to care for their children and that some are too busy to care for their children Asa result at this those types of children are difficult to control when they get to schools. Some parents over pamper their children with money and materials while in school, on the other hands some parents are too poor to meet the demands of their children.
This disparity between the rich and poor leads to unwarranted behaviour, which result to indiscipline in youth. This is confirmed by Obasanjo (1989) who blamed meet parents for the tall on morality among the young.
According to him children up bring seemed irrelevant matter for meet parents. It is a common phenomenon now a day those children are now left to be brought up in institution that lead commitment to ensure proper us bringing.
In the school discipline committee report it was mentioned that the society also cause the delinquencies in the youth.
How? The society places value on cash and lace, or luxury materials.
The love of fashion and love of enviable influence by the society appeal to the student than the conservation demands of the schools for wearing particular uniforms and obeying school rules and regulations.
According to the Ministry of Education publication (1991), deviance in school may arise mainly form: in-conducive learning and social environment from they grow and develop, behaviors of adult associated with them and who they regards as models apparent abdications of responsibility and duty by parents and guardian as a result of un due pressure negative economy activity such as excessive pursuit of materials wealth high handiness of the part school authority and government in dealing with students breath of law and order, and inflexibility on the of the teachers, school authority and parents in matter relating to the behavior children generally and especially those of school age.
Out (1987) asserted that adequate supply of facilities including consumable such as Libraries, Science Laboratory, Workshop Equipment, Resource person and sport in School resultant Smallness of activities of positively engage student minds and maximally channel there energies to productive ventures may cause deviancy in School.
Dighton (1981) mention some of possible causes of the deviance among secondary students as: frustration, since hostility is most always preceded by frustration.
Many student make trouble because of continual failure to reach there goal.
There frustration may also be due to lack of acceptance by their classmate. He went further stated the ignorance especially in new situation can lead delinquency. Either because the rows are seen to be generally ambiguous.
A certain number of students disobey merely because they are unaware of the rules and regulations.
Other point raised by Deighton (1981) as possible causes of deviance among secondary school students are problems from home carried to school and inconsistency of enforcement in school or other agent of authority in the school.
Barry (1987) remarked that home background of a child can cause deviance in schools, for instance children brought up in a tolerant atmosphere at home are often shocked by the attempt to make them be have reasonably in school.
They find themselves having to adopt few quite different behavior patterns.
This can have a traumatic effect upon some children which is in itself an incitement to deviance.
The growth of miscommunications media especially the visual ones and decline in censorship has introduced a much wider group to extremes of behaviors which give rise to varieties of deviancy in our secondary schools from the foregoing it could be seen that the courses of Juvenile delinquencies are so uncountable.
Therefore this study want to find out the influence/effects of those delinquencies on the academic performance of secondary school students in Ilorin Metropolis.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Delinquency has been an issue that parents guidance and teachers are warned about.
Even the government of every society is trying every way to tackle the problem.
We have now come to a point in time to know they every agent of socialization (parents, teachers, school mass-media etc.) has a part to play.
The research is therefore specially designed to take into cognizance the factor contributing to delinquent behaviors as perceived by the students in selected secondary school in Ilorin Metropolis.
The researcher intends to look into:
1. The causes of delinquent behavior.
2. Ascertain the effects of delinquent behavior.
This will enable the researcher proffer or suggest workable solution as to the problem of delinquency in school.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The research question is to first answer to the following:
i. What is the factor contribution to delinquent behavior expressed by secondary school teachers?
ii. What are the effects of delinquent behavior as perceived by the respondents?
iii. What is the perception of male and female students on delinquent behavior.
iv. Is there any different in the extend of which both male and female students perceived the causes and effects of delinquent behaviours in secondary schools?
v. What is the perception of teachers on the solutions to the problem of delinquency in schools.
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
1. The following hypotheses are to be tested in this study.
There is no significant difference between students that are Young and those that is old in their perception of the causes of delinquent behaviors in schools.
2. There is no significant difference between male and female students in their perception of the factors contributing to delinquent behaviors in schools.
3. There is no significant difference between JSS and SSS student in their perception of factors contributing to delinquent behaviors in schools.
4. There is no significant different among types of school in the perception of the factors contributing to delinquent behaviors in school.
1.5 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
Many researches had been conducted to investigate because juvenile delinquencies or the causes of deviant behavior the result of those studies dictated that there are a lot of factors that cause this anti social behaviors.
The only basic cause of the juvenile delinquency is frustration of all kind.
When an adolescent is frustrated of his basic needs he or she then results into committing antisocial behavior in order to reduce his or her tensions.
This act does not solve the problem, but rather add to it.
Asaju (2000) reported that some of the causes of juvenile delinquency are; lack of proper up bringing lack of societal civic training, lack of religious moral teaching, poverty broken home, lack of affection from parent inferiority feelings and so on.
This study aims at finding out. Weather or not these various types of juvenile delinquency can affect the academic performance of secondary school student in Ilorin Metropolis.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Without missing words, the importance of this study cannot be over emphasized since the study is to investigate the effects of juvenile delinquency on the academic performance of secondary school students in Ilorin Metropolis.
Its result may expose some of causes of poor performance of secondary school students in the public examinations such as West African Secondary Certificate Examination, NECO Exam and so on.
The result of this study can be used by the school principal and school guidance counselors to solve the problem of secondary school student mass failure in Public Examination and some of the causes of juvenile delinquency or deviant behaviors will be exposed to the school administrations and to the society at large.
Solutions to such problem can also be found in the recommendation of this study.
The Educational policies makers can make use of this study of consider the provision of the basic.
Needs of the youths when drawing their policies for the children.
The future researches can used the study to find out the relate literatures for their work.