AN EVALUATION OF SHARE AND SECURITY DEALING IN THE CAPITAL MARKET
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1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The importance of a capital market of a catalyst of economic growth and development through its ability to mobilize surplus funds for investment purpose has long been realized. It is not surprising. Therefore those countries all over the world strive to build a solid capital market with a verity of financial instruments and dynamic instrument capable of enhancing the “National wealth”.
A capital market exists to assist in the transfer of found from the “excess” units (saver) to the deficit units (investment decision makers) various types of institution traditionally play one role or another in the process of transfer of found. These include the stock exchange, issuing house, stock brokers share registers, share distribution agent (e.g. merchant banks, insurance companies pension found e.t.c.).
The Nigeria enterprise promotion boards and the Nigeria security and exchange commission (SFC) although of these institution perform one function on the other in the transferring process; they are not locate in one place. The capital market may therefore be defined as the complex of institutions and mechanizing through which intermediate term funds and long term fund are posted out standing are transferred (Doug all / Governments 1975).
The two regulatory bodies in Nigeria are the securities exchange (NSE). It is important to distinguish the two at this point. While the security exchange commission (NSC) is a statutory body of the apex of the capital market, the Nigeria stock exchange (NSE) is a self regulatory organization (SRO) under the supervision of the security exchange commission but with delegated power to ensure smooth operation of the market.
The exchange provides facilities for trading on secondary securities thus creating liquidity and ensuring easy transfer of securities in the market. It also makes rules and regulation to guide the professional conduct of its member.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The experience of our capital market will not be complete without recording its challenges and problem which are historical institution and structure. Perhaps, the most important single challenge the face all those interested in the emergence of an achieve capital market is the problem of importing dept and breath to the market. By breath is meant that the volume and value of such securities. These are a market, opportunity cost’ of borrowed funds which a company must expect to pay for new loans. If a capital market can not make a big enough profit, shareholder will be dissatisfied.
1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
Over the year since the inception of the Nigeria market. There has been a lot of changes growth and problem still facing the market. This study will focus on the changes and their effects in the capital market. The district role of the securities exchange commission prior to deregulation of the capital market and what is obtained of present.
Also since the capital market is a dynamic market due to the economic, social and political environment of the country. The study wills asses the effect of deregulation on the market. Has is been of any use?
1.4 SCOPE AND LIMITATIOIN OF THE STUDY
The study will make a far representation of Nigeria capital market especially Nigeria stock exchange (NSE) and security and exchange commission (NEC) move so, there various formulated government policies that support growth and development of Nigeria policies that support growth and development of Nigeria capital market, but the study will in detail deal with those that concern in education of share and securities dealing in Nigeria stock exchange.
1.5 SIGNIFICATION OF THE STUDY
The study will provide explanation and reason why most enterprises are still not quoted on the stock exchange. Also the study will unfold the situation of the capital market; it will identify the problem facing the capital market, and will also offer suggestion on improvement at the research study based on any conclusion.
This will be useful to intending investor, public, shareholder, investment adviser.
1.6 ORGANIZATION AND PLAN OF STUDY
This project of five chapters; the first chapter enable the introduction background of the study, statement of the problem, Aim and objective of the study.
Scope and limitation of the study, significance of the study, definition of term; the second chapter deals with the literature review. Historical background of the study. Criteria for priced determined (stock pricing), problem of Nigeria capital market, survey of the present regulatory environment.
Objectives of deregulatory SEC guideline to issuing house, what is under writing the role of under writing organization in the capital market, objective of the Nigeria stock exchange, reference, the third chapter consists of the research instruments, source of published and unpublished data chapter four deals with data presentation analysis and interpretation of hypothesis, Hypothesis to be tested.
The last which is chapter five deals with the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation, bibliography, appendix