THE CONSTRAINTS OF EFFECTIVE LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA
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- GENERAL INTRODUCTION OR BACKGORUND OF THE STUDY
In 1976 the Obas was a powerful entity , he appoints his colonica chief and as a result he was highly respected
Outside were appointed as the supervisor superintending over the various department in the local government such as work, Agric, health and education.
The office of secretary of the local government becomes a political appointment in the regard , therefore the chairman can be among the executive arms of the local government because he was the one that appointed them to power. Since the local government come to existence with arm political power to perform.
A myriad of large, medium and small scale business have untimely collapsed unwillingly as a result of their frivolous action toward training. This business failed to increase mental state of their workers which lead to their sudden death. Training power is the power to configure inefficiency, backwardness ineffectiveness and maladies reaction of an organization.
Without wasting too much time the researcher decide to discuss problems faced by teaching service as them important tools.
Baruten local government is one of the sixteen local government in kwara state with the headquarter at kosubosu. Although which is known as Baruten has been in existence for long in some societies like Yoruba a otherwise as oyo empire as well as a bornu empire.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Financial problem always be an atom in the flesh in the administration of the individual local government. No business can there without aadequate financial resources although the federal government has been giving out statutory allocation to local government has been giving out statutory allocation to local government, but it has not been enough to take care of the financial problem facing the local govenemnt.
In the northern part of Nigeria there were predominately emirate systems with the emirs as the repositories of political authority. The emir’s administered his territory through his appointed distorts and village lead. In the west local government area administration was administered his territory through his appointed distorted and village lead. In the west local government area administration was administered under the leadership of oba’s who assisted him in the administration of the kingdom
Finally, in he eastern part, the traditional political system are based on small units. Made up of families lineage and town local administration was carried out at the family and village level through decision made by the council of elder s called OHAS, ICHLES and the Nzena OZOS as case may be.
The advert of conclusion market a new phase in the development of traditional local authorities following the conquest and subsequent subjugation of the Nigeria societies by the British , there arouse a need to involve or advise a way of establishing effective colonial rule in the amalgamated protectorate of the northern southern Nigeria. Some of the traditional political institutions such as chieftaincy institution have adopted to fashioned out the factor the make each system vital in Nigeria was the death of skilled personal to administer the east area at country.
Indirect rule began to apply the passing of naïve authority ordinance number 14 of 1916. The indirect rule system implied government through traditional local authority with overall supervision by the colonial power.
This system averted some success in centralized and semi centralized northern and western Nigeria political societies respectively and health way three decades.
In the eastern part , it could not successfully as a result of republican status of east by 1950 the system of local government in England was adopted and implanted in form of local ordinance preparatory to the increase religion authority created by (mapherson ) constitution at 11951. the failure of the native authority in the eat, the non inclusion of the educated elite in native administration and increased the number of educated elits led to a search for new form at local government .
The 1946 constitution (Author Richard constitution ) made it first memorable mark in 1949 when it adopted a memorandum in 1950 given rise to a new local government where the elite were selected as councilors through popular election.
It also crated a tree system of local government know as the continent distinct and local councils 1952 the western region introduced the local government system known as the division distinct and local council. In 1954, local government colony was granted the status of the federal capital territory and had been known as Lagos city council.
Furthermore, after the local government reform in the three regions the fourth continue to made investigation into the structure and operation of the naïve administration of the region .
From the first republic to the date seventies (1975) there was much modification on the local govenemnt.
In 1979, the federal military government reforms the local government system throughout the country so as to make for uniformity at the grassroots level. The local government thus because the their tiers of government in country after the date and federal government.
in 1986, revise local government system was introduced and finally on October 1st 1988, the president of the federation general Ibrahim Babangida administration in Nigeria.
- PURPOSE OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
- To look the functions and problems of local government administration summarizing and political social and economical faced by the local government and prescribes solution to the problem
- to x-rayed the various capital projects undertaking by Baruten local government as case study .
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Local governments are the third tier government established to cater for the people grassroots . Infact some of the objective for crating local government are as follow.
- To bring the government closer to the people
- To make the government more responsible to the public opinion at local level as a means of measuring more equitable distribution of national cake.
In attaining such objective there is need of adequate management and funds to carry out its duties .
This researcher work studies the functions and problems face by local government.
The study would enlighten the reader whether or not local government are faced with problem of administration and whether or not their fund are judiciously used for the purpose of 1/3 creation objectives.
In Nigeria today, there are contacting reports rumination from different quarters on the financial position of the local government . the local government and their subject, these above , confusing situation this research work will help to oath true position of things , and enable interested person to pass objective comments.
The researcher will also explain other researchers to work on the contribution of the local government to the development of Nigeria.
- RESEARCH OF THE STUDY
There are various methods of research work different techniques of gathering data and information. During the course of the work, researcher has adopted the historical method and both primary and secondary source of data.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This research deals with the problem of local government admistration of Kwara syate in Nigeria . However baruten local government is selected as a case study among all the sixteen local government in Kwara state. The research will be interested in the function of baruten local government are its system administration difficult encountered or carrying out it duties revenue collection expenditure pattern, achievement of local government and lastly possible solution to this problems.
1.7 ORGANIZATION OF HE STUDY OR PALN FOTHE STUDY SYNOPSIS OF EACH CHAPTER
The project is divdeid itno five chapter , chapter one introduced the concept of local government in nigiera form 1882, when the first native autority ordinacne was enacted what celebrated political scientists have already contributed on the issue thereofe a veiw of literature.
Chapter three explains the research methodology the method by which the redsearhc work is caried out.
Chapter four, offers the data presentation and analysis on the problems encounteed by the local govenment to ensured effective adminiseration within the system
Finally chapter five is the researche´s summaries and suggetion s on possibles ways to overcome these problems ae mode some redimmendations.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS OR OPERATIONAL TERMS
Reforms This means to improve faults and form a new sytem. These are funds of the locla government consists of all sums to money or funds lawfully in possession of the local government on the apointed day which simply menas the icome of thelocal government for instance taxation , fees fines rent s
Expenditure This concern with the spending of money made for the local governemnt on certain items for the benefits of the peorple in lcoal government .