The Impact of corporate social responsibility on organizational performance
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The goal of this study is to see how corporate social responsibility affects organizational performance. Corporate social responsibility has not been fully integrated by organizations over the years. The research conducted aides us in determining how this can be handled more effectively.
Primary data is acquired through surveys, questionnaires, and interviews and is used. The statistical software for social science and MS Excel are used to analyze the data. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data.
The majority of respondents (86.79%) believe that philanthropic efforts have an impact on an organization’s performance. Economic activities have a role in organization success, according to 83.0.2 percent of respondents, and legal obligations have a positive impact on organization performance, according to 89.68 percent of respondents.
It may be established that corporate social responsibility efforts in businesses cannot be separated from other aspects of the company. In order to be compatible with the business unit goals and plans, all functional area strategies and capabilities must have full support from management.
Since the middle of the twentieth century, the concept of corporate social responsibility has become very paramount to the development of world economy.
This evolution of corporate social responsibility has helped business organisations to change their ideology from profit maximization only to social problems that bother on the environment of operation.
Although, there may be a lot of questions as to why businesses do exist some could say that businesses were formed for profit maximization, while some others could say for profit making as well as contributing to the host community (Secchi, 2007; Lee, 2008).
With this development, it has become imperative for both service and manufacturing companies like MTN to chart a new course of action.
By so doing, overcome the challenges that lie in allocating a corporate social responsibility (CSR) approach that meets government and social standards and to achieve compliance with informal CSR guidelines related to social economic and environmental responsibilities (Ms, 2013).
It is important to note that the CSR approach cannot be complete without recognizing responsibilities it has to employees’ performance, customer satisfaction, tax payment to government and services rendered to the host community.
These obligations show that the MTN and NB Plc have complied with legislation and voluntarily taken initiatives to improve the well-being of their employees and their families as well as that of the host community and society at large (Maimunah, 2009).
However, the integration of these corporate social responsibility elements (employees’ performance, customer satisfaction, payment of taxes and host community well-being) can help to influence company’s profit, increase sales, returns on investment and savings in a positive note.
If this goal has to be realized, then much needs to be done to make both service and manufacturing firms in Cameroon aware of social responsibility as an integral part of their business activity.
To this end, firms should deal with the challenges and issues that affect them and other stakeholders by setting clear objectives, incorporating corporate social responsibility into their activities, as this could help to build long-term benefits to the firm in a particular environment and country in general.
In general it is said that a company needs to be responsible for all the action they do, ethically and socially. It is necessary to check the effect of the organisation on the social welfare and environment.
Corporate social responsibility can also be defined as the sense of responsibility of the organisation towards social environment and community. It helps to understand that what actually company is doing with their profits and how they are affecting the society.
As with the growing factor in the economy and advancement in business strategies the organisations are not only accountable to share holder but also to the stake holders such as supplier consumer employees and community, etc.
It is basically a partnership between the business corporations and socially active groups for the purpose of society development and community growth. The emerging perspective on corporate social responsibility is not to emphasis on shareholder perspective by maximization of profit but is to focus on stake holders view point (employees, customer, supplier, management and community) and for their welfare.
In real sense the corporate socially responsibility is the coalition of business operation with social standards. Nowadays the business corporations and organisations are more interactive with the societies than ever before.
Corporate social responsibility is an integral part of the business corporations as it not only provide support to beat the business competitor but also provide help to grow the business in the society. So by focusing on the financial success and community growth, the company can increase it performance rapidly as compare to their competitors.
According to researchers and authors, talking about ethics is a crucial to the development of business success so now a day ethics got huge attention and numbers of books published in last 2 decade. Individual efforts and government efforts are not enough to bring change in the Society.
But with the increasing esteem and popularity of CSR more and more companies are playing an important role in growing societal values and community development regarding environmental policies, human rights and business ethics.
Now companies are paying equal attention on the social and environmental focus as well as financial performance. Some companies are operating CSR much more than their lots of business opponents.
As the companies practicing CSR, build good reputation in the market and attract more job seekers and costumers, which lead to increase in organisational performance (Viswesvaran et al., 1998).On the other side then, by practicing CSR, the company get successful in increasing the customer loyalty, job satisfaction and business performance.
Over the years, the concept of corporate social responsibility has not been fully integrated by the firms in both the service and manufacturing sector. The argument is that there exists a systematic approach in allocating costs, whether for investment or societal well-being (Kanwalet al, 2013).
They rather see their involvement in corporate social responsibility as the function of the culture of the firm, size and stakeholders demand (Kanwalet al, 2013).
It is pertinent to note that in developing countries like Cameroon where consumer education awareness is low, with little or no organized pressure group put in place, there is difficulty in the demand of full implementation of the concept of corporate social responsibility by society or institutions.
A good number of managers of these firms in Cameroon, including MTN, tend to demonstrate poor attitude towards corporate social responsibilities.
There is every possibility that corporate social responsibility when measured, the bottom line is a problem as social and environmental programs are hard to account for with regard to information gained.
Thus, little empirical studies have been carried out in this area of service and manufacturing firms in Cameroon. This study, therefore, is aimed at examining the effect of corporate social responsibility on organisational performance.
The main research question is what the effects of corporate social responsibility (CSR) on organisational performance?
The specific research questions are as follow;
- What are the effects of donation activities on organisational performance of MTN Cameroon?
- What are the effects of norms and behaviour activities on organisational performance of MTN Cameroon?
- What are the effects of investment activities on organisational performance of MTN Cameroon?
- What the effects of consumer protection rights activities on organisational performance of MTN Cameroon?
The main objective is to analyse the effect of corporate social responsibility on organisational performance of MTN Cameroon
The Specific objectives are as follows;
- To examine the effects of donation activities on organisational performance of MTN Cameroon
- To evaluate the effects of norms and behaviour activities on organisational performance of MTN Cameroon
- To analyse the effects of investment activities on organisational performance of MTN Cameroon
- To examine the effects of consumer protection rights activities on organisational performance of MTN Cameroon